First Aid Terminology – Part 2

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First Aid Glossary

Bruise: A bruise is an injury appearing of discolouration under the skin on the body, caused by impact rupturing underlying blood vessels

Burn: An injury caused when skin Is exposed to heat, flames, chemical agents or electricity

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: This occurs when carbon monoxide builds up in your bloodstream. The body will then replace the oxygen in the blood cells with carbon monoxide, leading to serious tissue damage or even death

Capillary: These are the smallest blood vessels

Cardiac: The medical term relating to the heart

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): An emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve brain function until further measures can be taken

Cardiovascular System: These are the heart and blood vessels that circulate blood around the body

Casualty: The individual who has fallen ill or had an injury

Cerebro-Spinal Fluid: This is the fluid that surrounds and protects the brain and spinal cord

Child: For the purpose of first aid, anyone who is between 1 year old and puberty is considered a child

Circulation: The movement of blood around the body by the heart

Circulatory System: The system that circulates blood through the body

Compression: Increasing physical pressure on a structure. To compress or to squash

Concussion: Concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head

Conscious: To be awake and responsive

Contract: When something tightens or gets smaller

Convulsion: This is a fit or a seizure. During a convulsion, the body will experience sudden, violent, irregular movement of the body caused by involuntary contractions of muscles

Coronary Artery: These are the blood vessels that supply the heart

Get In Touch

Interested in undertaking one of our First Aid Courses in Wirral? Call us today on 0151 343 0588 to learn more. You can also email us at [email protected] and a member of our team will get back to you as soon as possible. We run regular first aid courses in Wirral and across the surrounding areas.

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